Posted on Tuesday, May 3rd, 2022
Most scholars and researchers often publish articles to demonstrate how their study differ from previous pieces of literature. Thus, they need to collect appropriate data and implement appropriate statistical techniques to present their results in a coherent manner.
More importantly, writing quality research papers involves formulating hypothesis, testing the hypothesis using the most suitable statistical tests, and presenting findings correctly in the result section of any research paper. This implies that the results section of research paper is critical in demonstrating the significance of an academic article.
The results section of research paper need to be included in a separate section of your research article. This helps the examiner to understand how the hypothesis links with the methodology and how the collected data address the specific and general objective of the study.
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Moreover, you need to keep in mind that the results section of a research paper is closely tied to the discussion section and literature review section. In fact, in the discussion section, you will be required to illustrate the implications of the results and state whether the findings are consistent with the various pieces of literature.
Thus, when writing the results section, you should be clear, impartial, and objective. This will help you present your results and findings in an unbiased manner to increase the credibility of your research.
In summary, the result section will allow you to:
- Summarize the collected data using suitable statistical techniques
- Apply appropriate descriptive and inferential statistics to address the research questions
- Demonstrate your research significance and identify the gaps
It is also worth noting that the results section of research paper should be presented using subsections. These subsections could be the research questions and/or statistical tests used.
Tips when writing the results section of research paper
When writing the results section of research paper, you should start by restating the proposed research questions of your research paper. This allow the reader to refocus on the main aim of the article and understand how each statistical test responds to the research objectives.
Recall, the results section comes after the introduction, literature review, and research methodology section. With this in mind, it is necessary to bring the attention of the reader back to the aim of the study. Therefore, always restate the research questions and hypotheses in a paragraph when writing the results section of research paper.
In the main section of the results section, you will need to be proficient in statistical data analysis. Otherwise, your results section will be confusing and might not meet the purpose of the study. This way, you can receive multiple revisions from the supervisor or even get a fail in the entire thesis paper.
Therefore, the results section of research paper is very critical as it shows the reader your ability to apply the proposed methodology to answer the research questions.
What is included in the Results Section of Research Paper?
The results section of research paper should include only the findings of the study. Specifically, it should ONLY include:
- A contextual analysis of the data, explaining the meaning of the results obtained in a sentence form.
- A summary of the results and findings.
- Correct analysis of the data to respond to all the proposed research questions.
- Summarized data using tables, graphs, charts and other data analysis figures.
Quick Tips when writing results section of Research Paper
The following are the main and quick tips you should focus on when writing the results section of research paper.
- Direct the reader to the research data and explain the meaning of the data.
- Avoid using a repetitive sentence structure to explain a new set of data.
- Write and outline your important findings in your results.
- Use research questions to organize the chapter with sub-sections.
- Match the results with the research questions from the introduction. Your results should accurately address your proposed research questions
- Structure your tables and figures according to chosen referencing style and number them appropriately.
- Make sure there is no mismatch of the table number or the figure number in text and in figure/tables.
- Only present data that support the significance of your study. You can provide additional data in tables and figures as supplementary material.
Common errors to avoid when writing results section
When writing the results section of a research paper, you’re prone to making various common mistakes. Below are some of the common mistakes you should avoid when writing the results section:
Including raw results and/or repetitive data.
The result section is only a summary of the data. Thus, should not present every single number and calculation. If you strongly feel that some of the raw data are relevant, you should include them as supplementary materials.
Including redundant information
If data are summarized using tables or figures, you need not repeat each and every detail in the tables or figures. Instead, you should just present the main ideas and reference the others using the appropriate Table or figure number.
Repeating some background information and research methods
You should always avoid introducing several sentences of introductory or any other information contained in the method section. However, you can restate the research questions/hypothesis in result section.
Results Section and Methods do not match
Your result section should demonstrate your ability to link the research methodology section with the result section. In particular, you should apply all the proposed statistical tests and procedures as highlighted in the methodology section of research paper.
Ignoring negative results
You should not be biased when writing the results section. Thus, you need to presents all the findings regardless of whether or not they support your proposed research questions. This implies you should always mention all relevant findings, even if they failed to support your predictions or hypotheses. Some negative findings are potential gaps for further studies.
Discussing or interpreting the results
You should differentiate the results section from the discussion section. You should NOT discuss the results in the results section unless your publisher advises you to do so
Errors in figures/tables are varied and common
Avoid using too many figures and tables. If possible, you can combine several tables, especially if they use same statistics for different variables. For instance, you can combine several frequency tables measuring the demographic characteristics of the sample. In addition, you should not include tables and figures that are not mentioned in the body text of your results section.
In summary, the result section is a core part of a research paper that justifies your proposed hypotheses. As such, you need to take time to adequately organize it and prepare understandable figures and tables to convey your message to the reader.